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What does a cashless future mean? | The Economist
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Many countries are going cashless at great speed. What are the advantages of ditching hard cash and what are the dangers? Read more about a cashless future here: https://econ.st/2Mwhipb
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Somewhere in the near future physical money will become like these Relics of a different age. And will only be found in places like this. In other words hard cash will disappear. It will become electronic transferred by things like these.
So what’s the rush to get rid of cash? And what’s the cost?
Let’s face it money is cumbersome for consumers and banks. Operating in cash costs countries about 0.5% of their GDP every year. But cost isn’t the only incentive to move towards a cashless future. Digital payments aren’t just easy they are neat. Having every single payment automatically recorded is efficient. But there’s a downside.
Electronicmoney trails can allow governments and private companies
to access and harvest personal data. But there’s another threat that is worrying banks cyberattacks.
Still many countries are fast moving towards a cashless society. In Sweden the number of retail cash transactions per person has fallen by 80% in the past ten years. The trend is even evident in far more cashloyal societies. China’s digital payments rose from 4% of all payments in 2012 to 34% in 2017. The trend is inevitable but a gradual transition is key.
Some people may find it harder to grasp how much money they have without the physical representation of it. Not everyone knows how to use internetbanking technology. And people living in remote areas where internet cover is patchy may find they have to drive for miles for their basic needs. And there is another sector of society that relies heavily on cash.
Going cashless is just the latest evolution of money in the modern economy. But it raises a fundamental question what is the value of money if it doesn’t physically exist?
The move towards cashless societies is well under way. But governments need to ensure that, as cash is phased out, the vulnerable in society aren’t left behind. They need to navigate carefully the many pitfalls that a digital economy will bring.
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Cashless Day in Tokyo (Full Version)
Guidebooks say bring lots of cash with you to Japan. Truth is, you can get around just fine using just your Visa card. Have a look at how Alice gets around the city one fine day.
Cashless culture growing in Japan
Veggie lovers would surely be charmed by this salad bar in Tokyo.
They have more than 30 ingredients and about 10 kinds of dressing for customers to choose from.
But there’s something else that makes this restaurant unique – it doesn’t accept cash.
Reporter / Let’s take a look at the checkout flow.
People select ingredients using this touch screen.
Then they decide whether to dine in or take out.
Reporter / Here’s the payment screen.
Insert your card in the reader, and you’re all set.
Hiroshi Miyano, Crisp / We don’t have to count cash when we open and close our store. We save a lot of time.
Staff also has more time to communicate with the customers.
A kiosk in Tokyo’s Akabane Station is going one step further.
East Japan Railways is experimenting with operating a cashless and humanless store.
Cameras on the ceiling follow customers.
Sensors on the shelves detect when products have been picked up.
As customers enter the payment area, the display shows the merchandise and the total price.
Payments can be made with prepaid transportation cards such as SUICA.
Customers will no longer have to wait in register lines.
Stations in the countryside with serious labor shortages could also benefit from the system.
A bookstore in Nara in western Japan is also going digital.
Members who have registered in advance enter a 6digit password to unlock the door.
Most of the 2000 books sold here are secondhand.
A tablet facilitates checkout.
Reporter / You can pay by credit card or electronic money after you enter the price.
An unmanned bookstore does not have labor costs – one obstacle to running brick and mortar stores.
The owner also says he does not have to worry about cash being stolen.
Cashloving Japan is starting to embrace electronic payments ahead of a planned rise in consumption tax next fall.
The government is considering launching a reward system for electronic payments to cushion the blow of the hike from 8 to 10 percent.
But some retailers still accept only banknotes and coins.
Shop staff / We only accept payment by cash. I’m concerned that sales may decline.
Customers may have less incentive to shop at such stores after the tax hike.
Japan will continue making efforts to catch up to other cashless societies.
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